At present one of the main strategic tasks of the oil and gas sector in almost all the states of the Caspian region and Central Asia is to avoid the export and raw materials orientation, as well as to increase the level and quality of raw materials processing and the general transition to an innovative economy. As a result, by possessing the richest resources of hydrocarbon raw materials, the countries of the region are actively developing and investing tens of billions of dollars in investment projects for the construction and modernization of new oil refining and petrochemical facilities. There are just some of the current and planned projects in the region, represented below.
The oil industry of Azerbaijan, the country that first started oil production, has come a long way over its 150-year history. The development of downstream is now the top priority for the energy sector.
Experts believe that Uzbekistan holds one third of all mineral reserves of Central Asia and is ranked eighth in terms of gas production globally.
One of Uzbekistan’s strategic goals is to assure own production of marketable chemical products with high added value. According to UzbekNefteGaz, “A programme worth 30.4 bn USD is now under way to increase the output of advanced refined export-orientated products for 2016-2020.”
Rich in energy resources, Turkmenistan ranks fourth in the world in terms of natural gas reserves and billions are invested to transform the country from a commodity exporter to an exporter of finished products. The development of the gas chemical industry will be considerably enhanced in the next 10 years.
Kazakhstan is one of the leading economic powerhouses of the Central Asian region. The Ministry of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan has projected a significant increase in refining volumes – to 16 MT, which is 7.4 percent more than in 2017. The immense potential of the sector is underpinned by major oil and gas reserves as well as a large domestic fuel market. With three refineries already in operation in Kazakhstan, plans for constructing a fourth one have been announced. Large-capacity petrochemical plants and creation of a single petchem cluster are also envisaged.
The Kyrgyz Republic is rich in natural resources but has a negligible oil and gas production. A number of refining construction and modernization projects are, however, being implemented.
The Kyrgyz government needs to meet the challenge of uninterrupted and adequate supplies of crude to its refineries. Once the challenge is addressed, there will be enough fuel for both domestic consumption and exports to some of the neighbouring countries.
Rich in energy resources, Mongolia has a long history of their exploitation. There are currently but two small-tonnage crude processing facilities in Mongolia and experts believe that a proper refinery will accelerate the economic development and consolidate the country’s independent position in the market.
Kazakhstan is one of the undoubted leaders of the Central Asian region, traditionally considered a bulwark of economic and social stability.
No other industry is spoken of in this country as often as about oil refining and petrochemical. The huge potential of the sector is due to a number of prerequisites for development and is reflected in the active program of modernization of the three refineries and plans for the construction of large-capacity petrochemical facilities, as well as the creation of a single cluster.
Construction of a complex for the production of aromatic hydrocarbons at the Atyrau Refinery “(CPA)
The project completed the construction of a catalytic reformer with continuous catalyst regeneration and a benzene recovery unit, as well as the “Paramax BTX” technology unit licensed by the French company Axens (xylenes prefractionation section, xylene isomerization section, toluene transalkylation section, raffinate separation section).
The capacity of CPA: 133 thousand tons of benzene and 496 thousand tons of paraxylene per year. Complex facilities can also operate in the mode of production of a high-octane component of gasoline.
Currently, the CPA is working on a fuel option with increasing production of high-octane gasoline, because of the need to supply gasoline to the domestic market.
The construction of a complex of deep oil refining at the Atyrau refinery (KGPN)
KGPN complex provides for the construction of 12 separate process units. The basic setting is a catalytic cracking unit, intended to transform (conversion) of atmospheric distillation residues, heavy gas oil, vacuum gas oil and heavy gas oil delayed coker to more valuable oil products, such as liquefied petroleum gas, gasoline and light gas oil cracking. The processing of low-value residual oil products will allow ANPZ to increase production of high-octane gasoline, aviation and diesel fuels. Also in KGPN desulfurization plant includes LPG, oligomerization, hydrotreating naphtha, catalytic cracking gasoline, gas oil, hydrogen production, isomerization, etc.
Modernization of «PAVLODAR OIL CHEMISTRY REFINERY» LLP
Pavlodar Oil Chemistry Refinery plant is one of the largest and modern in technology refineries in Kazakhstan.
The plant is technologically focused on processing West Siberian oil. The oil processing capacity is 5.1 million tons per year.
Within the framework of the plant modernization project, new isomerizating and splitter installations of naphtha, a block of sulfur production units, and facilities of the general factory will be built. Also, the existing facilities of the LK-6u and KT-1 complexes will be reconstructed.
Modernization and reconstruction of Shymkent oil refinery
Oil refinery plant PetroKazakhstan Oil Products LLP was launched in 1985 and is one of three large oil refineries in Kazakhstan with a capacity of 5.25 million tons per year.
Management of PKOP is carried out on a parity basis by the National Company “KazMunayGas” in the person of JSC “KazMunayGas – PM” and Chinese National Oil Corporation CNPC. The processed raw materials are mainly Kazakh oil from Kumkol field.
In 2015, a diesel fuel hydrotreating unit and a sulfur production facility were put into operation. The installation of isomerization completed the placement of orders for the manufacture of equipment, the delivery and installation of technological equipment, installation of metal structures and process pipelines. Development of working documentation, placing orders for equipment and materials; excavation work is under way, the foundation of equipment.
Construction of the first integrated gas chemical complex
At present, UCC is implementing the project of construction of an integrated gas chemical complex in Atyrau region, which is the starting and basic event for the creation of world-class petrochemical plants in Kazakhstan and envisages the production of PP and PE with a capacity of 500,000 tons and 800,000 tons per year, respectively.
Investments, according to the Ministry of Energy, will amount to about $ 2.5 billion. In early 2016, the State Development Bank of China (SDBC) approved a loan for the construction of polypropylene production in the amount of $ 2 billion. The loan will be 100% financed by the EPC contract signed in December 2015 with the Chinese CNCEC for $ 1.795 billion (excluding VAT). The rest of the financing will be provided at the expense of the organizers of the project.
At the second stage of creating a gas chemical complex, polyethylene and butadiene production will be put into operation. The investment is estimated at $ 4.15 billion. The operator of the second phase of the construction of the complex is JV LLP KLPE, which on an equal footing was controlled by LG Chem and Kazakhstan’s LLP United Chemical Company. In early 2015, LG Chem decided to withdraw from the company’s share capital. “United Chemical Company” continues to search for a strategic partner.
This complex will be the main production link for other interconnected complexes, the construction of which will be carried out in the FEZ and on the basis of which it is planned to organize several other productions, including the production of aromatic compounds and other products.
Project for the production of methanol and terephthalic acid
At the last conference “Petrochemicals of Russia and the CIS”, Raushan Sarmurzina, advisor to the Chairman of the Board of Kazakhstan Petrochemical Industries reported that methanol and terephthalic acid production could be launched in Kazakhstan.
The United Chemical Company is considering the possibility of building methanol production, the project is under discussion, “she said.
In parallel, work is under way on a project for the production of terephthalic acid, a raw material for polyethylene terephthalate. Paraxylene will be supplied by Atyrau Oil Refinery, which launched an aromatic hydrocarbon production facility in 2015.
According to R. Sarmurzina, the project passed the necessary expertise, a site for new construction was determined.
The oil industry of Azerbaijan, the oldest oil country of the world, has gone a long way of development for its 150-year history. The development of petrochemicals and oil refining is a key priority for the republic’s oil and gas sector.
Construction of SOCAR GPC petrochemical complex
SOCAR GPC plans to commission a new petrochemical and gas processing complex in Azerbaijan in the first quarter of 2022. The total cost of the project is estimated at 4 billion.
The capacity of the complex for gas processing will be about 10 billion cubic meters per year. The enterprise will also include a steam cracker with a capacity of 570,000 tons of ethylene and 120,000 tons of propylene per year, a LLDPE / HDPE polymerization unit with a capacity of about 570,000 tons per year of high density polyethylene and linear low density polyethylene and other related infrastructure.
Modernization of Baku Refinery
Today, the oil refining complex of Azerbaijan is undergoing a period of modernization and significant changes. Over the next few years, the BNPZ plans to build twelve new facilities and reconstruct four existing ones. Investments for the modernization of BNPZ are estimated at about $ 1.5 billion. In particular, work will be carried out to increase the capacity of catalytic cracking units and primary oil refining.
Earlier it was reported that SOCAR plans to complete the reconstruction and modernization of BNPZ by the end of 2020.
Modernization of PA “Azerkimiya”
In 2017, more than 150 million euros will be spent on the modernization of enterprises belonging to Azerkimiya Production Association of the State Oil Company of Azerbaijan (SOCAR). Earlier, the company estimated investments in the modernization of pyrolysis of the enterprise at $ 300 million.
The project assumes expansion of capacities at the expense of start of new and reconstruction of operating installations. The works will be carried out in three stages within five years and will be completed, as the Director General of the “Azerkimiya” Mukhtar Babayev noted earlier, by 2021. Upon their completion, Azerkimiya will be able to provide new polyethylene and polypropylene plants with olefins, which it plans to create SOCAR Polymer in Sumgayit.
The Ethylene-Polyethylene plant was commissioned in January 1988 as a petrochemical complex at the Sumgait Synthetic Rubber Plant. The annual production capacity is 300 thousand tons of ethylene and 138 thousand tons of high-pressure polyethylene.
Construction of SOCAR Polymer
SOCAR Polymer, an international project, the first project of its kind and scale in the petrochemical industry of Azerbaijan, implemented over the past 40 years.
The total cost of the SOCAR Polymer project is $ 750 million. The project is being implemented in the Sumgait Chemical Industrial Park.
At the first stage, the production capacity will be 120,000 tons of polyethylene and 184,000 tons of polypropylene. By 2021, the total capacity can be 570 thousand tons of products.
The Sumgayit polypropylene (PP) plant will be the first similar project implemented in Azerbaijan, which will ensure the growth of the petrochemical industry in the country and will allow it to occupy a niche in the plastics production market.
Construction of carbamide plant in Sumgait
The plant will produce 650-660 thousand tons of carbamide per year. Earlier the company informed that all works are planned to be completed and start-up and adjustment works at the plant by the end of 2017 with putting into operation in 2018.
It is estimated that the cost of the construction project will be about 498 million euros. To operate the carbamide plant in full power it will take 1.5 million cubic meters of gas per day.
According to expert estimates, one third of all mineral resources in Central Asia are concentrated in Uzbekistan, and the country takes the eighth place in the world for gas production.
Own production of high-liquid chemical products with high added value is one of the main strategic tasks of the republic. According to the materials of the holding, Uzbekistan by 2021 plans to implement oil and gas projects in the “downstream” sector with a total value of more than $ 30 billion.
Construction of an oil refinery complex in the Jizzakh region
The launch of the Jizzakh refinery will be an important step in the further development of the industry of Uzbekistan. The complex will process 5 million tons of hydrocarbon raw materials a year, including from Russia and Kazakhstan.
According to preliminary calculations, the complex will annually produce more than 3.7 million tons of motor fuel, more than 700,000 tons of aviation kerosene and 300,000 tons of associated petroleum products.
Approximate cost of the complex is estimated at $ 2.2 billion. The project is planned to be completed by 2022.
Construction of Kandym Gas Processing Plant
The project envisages the construction of a gas processing complex with a capacity of 8.1 billion cubic meters of gas per year, the creation of a natural gas gathering system that will combine 114 production wells, 11 cluster sites and 4 collection points.
Earlier Lukoil CEO Vagit Alekperov also reported that the company could make a decision on further gas redistribution in Uzbekistan after 2022.
This complex will become one of the largest in Central Asia. Investments for the Kandym group development project will exceed 4.5 billion dollars.
Implementation of the project Uzbekistan GTL
In early 2017, the company began construction of a GTL-plant for the production of synthetic liquid fuel. In accordance with the approved feasibility study of the project, the plant will process 3.6 billion cubic meters of gas and produce about 1.5 million tons of diesel fuel, kerosene, naphtha and liquefied petroleum gas for sale on the domestic market and for export. Earlier it was reported that the cost of the GTL plant would be about $ 4 billion.
Expansion of capacities of Shurtan MCC
NHC “Uzbekneftegaz” is currently working on the implementation of the concept of an investment project to expand the production capacity of the Shurtan gas chemical complex.
According to the company, with the implementation of the project, the capacity of the plant for the production of polymers will increase from the current 125,000 tons to 500,000 tons, or 4 times. The project provides for the processing of valuable raw materials – synthetic naphtha and the development of new types of polyethylene and polypropylene
The proposed solution for the direction of synthetic naphtha GTL for the production of olefins with the subsequent production of new grades of polymers will allow to ensure its most optimal use.
The planned investments, according to the company’s management, will amount to about $ 400 million.
Rich in energy resources, the state ranks fourth in the world in terms of natural gas reserves. Multibillion investments are aimed at transforming Turkmenistan from an exporter of raw materials to an exporter of finished products. In the next 10 years, the country will significantly strengthen the development of the gas chemical industry.
Gas chemical complex in Kiyanly
It is planned to build a new gas chemical complex in Turkmenistan to produce polypropylene, polyethylene and a number of other products. This complex is designed to process 2 billion cubic meters of natural gas and 117,000 tons of sodium chloride.
It was noted that this major investment project is envisaged to be implemented jointly with foreign partners. At present, proposals received from participants of the international tender are being analyzed.
Gas chemical complex based on Bagadzha field
Within the framework of the project, it is planned to reconstruct a natural gas processing unit and the production of liquefied gas at Bagadja field in the Lebap province and build a gas chemical complex with a capacity of 80,000 tons of butadiene-styrene rubber and 45,000 tons of polystyrene per year on this basis.
Gas-chemical complex at the fields of Central Karakum
A major investment project is proposed to be implemented at the fields of Central Karakum, located near the gas condensing unit Yylanly in the Dashoguz velayat. Within its framework, it is planned to build a plant where 2 billion cubic meters of natural gas will be processed and 70,000 tons of liquefied gas will be produced annually. The second phase of the facilities of this plant is designed for the production of 200 thousand tons of low-density polyethylene per year.
Development of further redistribution and chemical production
As part of the program for the further development of Turkmenistan’s oil and gas sector, it is planned to build a facility for the production of methyldiethanolamine (MDEA) by processing 4,000 tons of ethylene gas and 2,000 tons of methanol per year. At present, this chemical products are imported in large quantities from abroad to our country.Another plant is designed to produce 15 thousand tons of formaldehyde per year, which will be made from urea and methanol produced by the enterprises of the State Concern “Turkmenkhimiya” located in Mariyskii Velayat.
Modernization of the Turkmenbashi oil refinery
The Ministry of Oil and Gas of Turkmenistan previously reported that the modernization of the Turkmenbashi complex of oil refineries (TNKPZ) will increase oil refining up to 10-10.5 million tons per year, and the depth of processing of hydrocarbon raw materials – up to 95 percent.
At the refinery, new technological capacities are being constructed, as well as the reconstruction of existing facilities.
Among the plans planned for the near future are the construction projects at the TKNPZ of a number of facilities, including the cleaning of diesel by hydrogen and the separation of sulfur from gasoline, delayed coking plants and catalytic cracking that produce hydrogen with hydrogen.
Along with this, we study the technical and economic feasibility of organizing the production of benzene, which is necessary for the production of polystyrene and rubbers. The construction of benzene separation facilities will allow Turkmen petrochemists to fully switch to the production of gasoline that meets the Euro-5 standards and to establish high-quality synthetic oils.
The Kyrgyz Republic is a country rich in natural resources, but with much less oil and gas production, nevertheless, it is implementing a number of projects on the construction and modernization of oil refining capacities.
The government of the Kyrgyz Republic now faces the task of solving the problem of uninterrupted supply of its refineries with raw materials in the required quantities. The solution of this problem will allow not only to provide fuel for the republic’s domestic needs, but also to arrange its export to a number of neighboring countries.
Modernization of the Kyrgyz oil refining sector
The entry of Kyrgyzstan into the Eurasian Economic Union has caused multiple changes in the country’s economy. The regulations of the EEU presuppose a high quality of Euro-4 and Euro-5 fuels, which necessitates the modernization of existing equipment in the country’s plants, which will also increase the depth of processing of raw materials. Integration into the Eurasian Economic Union and external conjuncture changes will give an additional impetus to the development of the oil refining industry in Kyrgyzstan.
Specialists of the Kyrgyz Petroleum Company, which owns a refinery in the south of the country, have developed a strategy of organizational and technical development of the company for the near future, within the framework of which it is planned to modernize the plant with the installation of secondary oil processing processes with an increase in the depth of selection, as well as the secondary processing of naphtha to increase the octane number.
The refinery (oil refinery) KPC CJSC was designed to process 500,000 tons of crude oil per year and a slightly smaller volume of alternative raw materials, such as gas condensate, distillates, off-grade petroleum products.